The Conference of the Parties (COP) was established pursuant to Article 18 of the Convention. It is the governing body of the Rotterdam Convention and is composed of governments of countries that have accepted, ratified or acceded to it. The implementation of the Convention is advanced through the decisions it takes at its meetings.
The Conference of the Parties reviews and evaluates the implementation of the Convention. It reviews chemicals brought forward for its consideration by the Chemical Review Committee. It also reviews and adopts the programme of work and budget of the Convention for each biennium.
At its first meeting, the Conference of the Parties established a subsidiary body, the Chemical Review Committee.
Meetings of the Conferences of the Parties are usually held every two years and are governed by the rules of procedure and financial rules. Additionally, the Secretariat has developed two guidelines for rules of conduct at the meetings.